The National Study of the IT & C Market was initiated by ARIES Transilvania and iTech Transilvania Cluster by ARIES T, with the support of Cluj-Napoca City Hall and Local Council and it contained an analysis at national level and also a comparative analysis on the companies from urban centers in Romania (Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest, Iasi, Timisoara, Brasov and other counties), on a period of 6 years (2011-2016). Within this study were defined through 9 NACE codes.
Based on the IT study, developed by iTech Transilvania Cluster by ARIES T, the number of IT companies increased between 2011-2016, from 9.823 to 14.339, forecasting that it will exceed 17.000 at the end of 2017. In the past 6 years, there were registered with almost 50% more companies with an informatics profile. At the same time, the amassed turnover of IT companies doubled in the last 6 years, in the context where the IT sector is gaining an upper hand in the national economy, exceeding, along with the communication technology sector, 6% of PIB.
The evolution of IT at a national level is a significant one: in 2016 we had 14.339 companies with over 100.000 employees, their number increasing with 75% in the past 6 years. The increase in start-ups indicates the apparition on the market of young entrepreneurs, the promotion of new ideas and a new attitude in business.
The ability of these start-ups to survive to such a high competition, is one of the stakes of the IT market, stake which attracts the interest of all specialists, being one of the goal to succeed in this field. The business ability developed by IT companies is obvious by the doubling of the total turnover in the past 6 years. A market with almost 5 billion Euros represents an important segment in any prevision. Evolving in the same rhythm as the other development centers of the IT sector (Iasi, Timisoara), Cluj-Napoca succeeded to rank itself higher in the last years, reaching an amplitude which allows it to consider itself the main IT business pol, after Bucharest.
The number of IT companies in Cluj-Napoca increased with over 75% in the last 6 years, more over the national mean, and if we take into account the newly established companies on governmental programs such as “Start-up Nation”, we can already talk about the doubling of this number. Another characteristic which individualize this IT center, we can mention the amount of software producing companies, which are more than the national average.
In the 1.235 IT companies from Cluj, work 14.036 employees, representing 8.7% from all employees in Cluj-Napoca, so, 1 out of 11 employees work in IT and if we take into consideration other forms of collaboration, the number of employees in IT exceeded 20.000 at the end of the year 2016.
“This study is a valuable tool for companies, for public administrations, for Universities, and, why not, even for citizens, being a professional and relevant study to be taken into consideration when you organize medium and long term strategies. The results from a community are visible only when all members shake hands and work together towards development. In Cluj, we accepted the proposal of the Consultative Council for Entrepreneurship and IT – developed to offer the city an updated strategy of Smart City, which, after implementation, we will be able to solve a lot of the city’s problems. The apps offered by the IT companies bring closer the administration to citizens but also international recognition in the impact sectors” – Emil Boc, Mayor of Cluj-Napoca
At a national level we can see a trend in the decreasing of the number of small companies with 1-4 employees and an increase in the number of companies with no employees at all. If in 2011, 27% of companies had no employee, in 2016 this percentage increased to 35,5% from the total number of IT companies. This is a worrying trend because the degree of hiring is dropping. Therefore, more and more IT companies find it hard to find new work force and more and more IT employees or experts go for establishing their own company, reflecting the increase of start-ups.
“We tried, as a professional IT cluster and association to change the work paradigm. We believe that is more important to stop waiting for solutions from the public authorities but to cross that extra mile ourselves, going towards authorities with openness and work force able to take under the challenges of the market, walking towards innovation instead of outsourcing” Voicu Oprean – President of ARIES Transilvania and CEO of AROBS Transilvania Software
”The partnerships initiated and encouraged by ARIES T in our community, transformed Cluj into a lab, by the participation of experts from companies to finding solutions to the city’s problems and by piloting and testing them in real live. We become a “living lab” – a concept of open innovation applied in some of the most innovative capitals” Bianca Muntean – Executive Director, ARIES Transilvania, iTech Transilvania Cluster.
Between 2011-2016, the number of start-ups almost doubled (from 1.806 in 2011 to 3.795 in 2016) and their percentage increased from 18.4% in 2011 to 26,5% in 2016.
The final report of the Study of the IT & C Sector in Cluj – National Comparative Analysis, 2017 is available at the following address: www.itstudy.ro. The study was developed by Encore Research under command of ARIES Transilvania, iTech Transilvania Cluster, with the support of Cluj-Napoca City Hall and Local Council.For more information:
Bianca Muntean, Executive Director ARIES Transilvania, iTech Transilvania Cluster
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